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Saturday, March 8, 2014

This Week in Philippine History and Culture (March 8 to 14)

Mar. 8, 1908: Conjoined twins Lucio and Simplicio Godina (d. November 24, 1936) is born in the island of Samar. The Godina Twins became famous performing in various sideshow acts in the United States, including in an orchestra on Coney Island.

Mar. 9, 1891: Jose Paciano Laurel (d. November 6, 1959), the 3rd President of the Philippines, is born in the town of Tanuan, Batangas. From 1943 to 1945, Laurel led the Second Philippine Republic, a Japanese puppet state during the Second World War.

Mar. 9, 1899:  Francisca Reyes-Aquino (d. November 21, 1983), the Philippines' pioneer researcher on traditional Philippine folk dances and music, is born in the village of Lolomboy in Bocaue, Bulacan. In 1973, Reyes-Aquino became the first women to be receive the National Artist Award.

Mar. 9, 1988: Cosplayer and model Alodia Gosiengfiao is born. Gosiengfiao's involvement in cosplaying started in 2003 after being encouraged by her friends from an Internet fan forum called Anime Club. As Gosiengfiao became a multi-awarded cosplayer, her status an authority in the field heightened. She is now being invited to appear at conventions or to judge competitions locally and abroad.

Mar. 10, 1906: Alejandro G. Abadilla (d. August 26, 1969), regarded as "Father of Modern Tagalog Poetry", is born in Rosario, Cavite. Abadilla's most famous work is the 1955 poem "Ako ang Daigdig" (I am the World) in 1955. He also wrote essays, short fiction and novels.

Mar. 10, 1917: The ratification of Act No. 2711 or the Administrative Code of the Philippines leads to the incorporation of some provinces and cities in the Philippine Islands.

Mar. 10, 1951: Beauty-queen-turned-actress Gloria Diaz is born in the town of Aringay, La Union. Diaz was only 18 when she crowned as Miss Universe in 1969 - the first Filipina to achieve the feat. Judges were impressed with her answer to the question about how to welcome the first men that had just landed on the moon as soon as they were back on the planet. Five years later, her showbiz career was launched through the film Ang Pinakamagandang Hayop sa Balat ng Lupa (The Most Beautiful in the Surface of the Earth).

Mar. 11, 1966: The old Mountain Province was divided into four separate provinces: Mountain Province, with Bontoc as the capital; Benguet, with La Trinidad as the capital; Kalinga-Apayao, with Tabuk as the capital; and Ifugao, with Lagawe as the capital.

Mar. 11, 1983: Television host, Bianca Gonzalez is born in Manila. Gonzalez's hosting career started in 2001. She is currently part of Umagang Kay Ganda, an ABS-CBN morning magazine program. Aside from being a blogger, Gonzalez writes a lifestyle column, Ten Things You Should Know About, at The Philippine Star.

Mar. 12, 1996: The Philippine Judicial Academy was created by the Supreme Court in accordance with Republic Act No. 8557. The Academy is intended as a "training school for justices, judges, court personnel, lawyers and aspirants to judicial posts."

Mar. 14, 1903: The Manila Electric Company (Meralco), which provides electric power to Metro Manila residents at present, was established. The firm was originally named "Manila Electric Railroad and Light Company. It was the first power company given franchise to operate the tranvia or electric cars.

Mar. 14, 1947: President Manuel A. Roxas and Paul V. McNutt, the United States high commissioner in the Philippines, signed the the Military Bases Agreement. The agreement provides the United States the right to retain the use of the bases in the Philippines. The agreement was concurred in by the Philippine Senate on March 26, 1947. It was accepted and ratified by the US on January 21, 1948.

Mar. 14, 1975:  Film and television actor Rico Yan (d. March 29, 2002) is born in Pasig City. Yan was one of the original members of Star Circle, ABS-CBN's roster of talents. Yan was paired with many actresses, but it was his reel-and-real romantic relationship with Claudine Barretto that became popular among followers.

Aside from being a Youth Spokesman for the Department of Education, Yan established the nonprofit "Pinoy 'Yan!" which aims to make young people stay in school and value education. Yan died of cardiac arrest due to pancreatitis. At the time of his death, Yan is at the height of his popularity.

SOURCES:  The Kahimyang Project and Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia

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