From Nuffnang

Friday, September 21, 2012

Flashback: Marcos Declares Martial Law

Forty years ago today, President Ferdinand E. Marcos declared martial law in the Philippines by virtue of Proclamation No. 1081. At that time, Marcos had been in power as Philippine president since 1965. Marcos appeared on live television broadcast on September 23, 1972 to announce that proclamation had took effect.

Ferdinand Marcos, President, martial law, Proclamation No. 1081, Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, Citizens' Assemblies, barangay
Marcos announcing that Proclamation No. 1081 has took effect (Source: Foundation for Worldwide People Power)


The purported threat of communist insurgency, terrorism, and the ambush of then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile were among the justifications for the declaration of martial law. (Fourteen years later, Enrile admitted during the onset of the EDSA People Power Revolution that the ambush was staged.)

Juan Ponce Enrile, Defense Minister, martial law, Proclamation No. 1081, Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, Citizens' Assemblies, barangay
As Defense Minister, Enrile was the martial law administrator (Source: Foundation for Worldwide People Power)

With the military under his power, Marcos suspended the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus and pushed for the changing the Constitution in the 1973. He made himself both Head of State as President and Head of Government as Prime Minister. Only one political party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) or New Society Movement dominated the the legislative branch of government, the Batasang Pambansa.

A national referendum involving Citizens' Assemblies or barangays was conducted in July 1973 for the continuation of martial law and the ratification of the 1973 Constitution. The final result was lopsided: 90.77% voted YES, while 7.23% voted NO.

Marcos lifted martial law on January 17, 1981 after securing executive and legislative powers. The suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus continued in the Western Mindanao and Central Mindanao.

Here is the link to the full text of Proclamation No. 1081

(NOTE: Images are screen captures from the 1997 documentary "Batas Militar." For educational purposes only)

3 comments:

  1. Great post 조개모아! I am actually getting 무료성인야동ready to across this information 무료야동사이트, is very helpful my friend 한국야동. Also great blog here 실시간야동 with all of the valuable information you have 일본야동. Keep up the good work 성인사진 you are doing here 중국야동. 무료야동

    ReplyDelete
  2. Great post 먹중소! I am actually getting 먹튀중개소ready to across this information 토토사이트, is very helpful my friend 먹튀검증. Also great blog here 온라인카지노 with all of the valuable information you have 먹튀검증사이트. Keep up the good work 안전놀이터 you are doing here 먹튀사이트. 검증사이트

    ReplyDelete
  3. Great post 토렌트사이트! I am actually getting 야동사이트ready to across this information 먹튀검증사이트, is very helpful my friend 웹툰사이트. Also great blog here 성인용품 with all of the valuable information you have 스포츠중계. Keep up the good work 드라마다시보기 you are doing here 한인사이트. 무료야동

    ReplyDelete